Madam Bhikaji Cama. Revolutionary Indian Flag Bearer.

Nationalist Flag of India unfurled by Madam Bhikaji Cama, in 1907
Madam Bhikaiji Cama Commemorative Stamp of India, 1962

On August 21, 1907, an International Socialist Conference was held in Stuttgart, a city in Germany. One thousand representatives from across the world had come to attend the conference. It was on this occasion that Bhikaji Rustom Cama unfurled the first version of the Indian national flag—a tricolour of green, saffron, and red stripes. The fiery lady then announced,

“This is the flag of independent India. I appeal to all gentlemen to stand and salute the Flag.”

Surprised by the dramatic incident, all the representatives at the conference stood up and saluted the first flag of independent Hindustan. Madam Cama had wanted to bring the poverty, starvation, and oppression under the British Raj, as also India’s thirst for freedom to the attention of the international community and she had succeeded.